About the Data
Dropout Early Warning System (DEWS) scores are available for all students in grades 7 through 9 beginning in 2012-13. The DEWS score is a number from 0-100 that represents the probability of a student graduating within 4 years of entering high school. The DEWS score is calculated individually for each student and represents how often similar students graduated high school on schedule in prior years. Thus, a student with a score of 60 has reported data that looks very similar to students in previous cohorts who graduated on schedule 60% of the time. For your convenience the DEWS score is broken into three categories of risk – high, moderate, and low risk.
The DEWS score is calculated using student-specific data reported by Wisconsin school districts to the Department of Public Instruction:
- Attendance in the prior school year (from ISES YE)
- Days removed for out-of-school suspension or expulsion in the prior school year (from ISES YE)
- Number of school and district moves in the prior school year (from ISES YE)
- WKCE performance in reading and mathematics in the prior school year (from WSAS)
Additionally, the school of attendance for the prior school year and a combination of student demographic attributes are used to ensure that a student is compared to the most similar group of students possible.
DEWS is intended to be used as a starting point for inquiry. Schools are encouraged to combine the DEWS score with more current local information and contextual information to consider the case of each student as well as other data available in WISEdash. More information about this process can be found in the DEWS Action Guide.
In addition to the DEWS score and risk category, students are given risk tiers for each of the four malleable domains – attendance, behavior, mobility, and assessment.
DEWS Outcome: DEWS Outcome provides a short assessment of three tiers of student risk. Students with a high risk rating have a DEWS Score – DEWS Margin of Error greater than 78.5. Students with a moderate rating have a DEWS Score and DEWS Margin of Error that overlaps 78.5. Low rating students have a DEWS Score + DEWS Margin of Error less than 78.5. The value of 78.5 was chosen as the statewide threshold, but schools are free to use their own threshold based on local conditions and resources. Students with a blank score do not have enough data in the prior year to calculate a score. This does not mean these students are not at risk; rather that a school should investigate why no score is available and determine risk based on the most current local data.
DEWS Score: The DEWS score ranges 0-100 representing the probability or chance that an individual student has of graduating from high school on time with their 4 year cohort.
DEWS Margin of Error: DEWS Margin of Error represents the error or uncertainty surrounding the DEWS Score for an individual student.
DEWS Mobility: Students who changed schools once in the prior school year are given a “Moderate” score. Students who changed schools more than once in the prior school year are given a “High” score.
DEWS Discipline: Students who were removed from school for an out-of-school suspension more than 0.5 days and fewer than 3 days in the prior school year are given a “Moderate” risk. Students suspended or expelled for 3 or more days are given a “High” risk.
DEWS Attendance: Students who miss 12 or fewer days of school for any reason in the prior school year are given a “Low” score. Students with 12.5 to 20 days absent in the prior school year are given a “Moderate” risk. Students missing greater than 20 days of school in the prior school year are given a “High” rating.
DEWS Assessments: Students who score within 1 standard deviation of the median score on reading and math combined for students at Low, Moderate, or High overall risk are given that score. These scale score ranges vary by grade and by year. They are different than the proficiency cut points and based on equating the current student’s performance to the performance of students classified in each of the three risk categories.
DEWS Outcome Date: This is the date the DEWS outcome model was run.
How it's Reported in WISEdash
The DEWS score is accessible through three dashboards in WISEdash (secure home version) – Enrollment, WSAS, and Attendance. By navigating to any of these three dashboards and drilling on any metric, school staff can retrieve a student roster where the DEWS Outcome and DEWS Score will be displayed along with the DEWS Margin of Error. Additionally, from the student roster more detailed information about any individual student can be accessed by pulling up the Student Detail view.
Additionally, an individual student’s DEWS score can be easily looked up using the Student Search feature of WISEdash.
On the Student Detail view the most recent DEWS results for a student will be displayed. DEWS results will follow a semiannual release cycle. At the beginning of each school year DPI will release a preliminary DEWS score for all students in grades 7 through 9 for the purposes of planning. This preliminary DEWS score will be based on the prior year WKCE results and estimated prior year attendance, discipline, and student mobility. When ISES YE data for the prior school year becomes available later in the year, these DEWS scores will be updated with the ISES YE data to the final DEWS score, replacing the preliminary data.
Testing has shown DEWS Outcome scores change for a very few students when the final data is added to the preliminary data. However, in order to provide the most accurate information, the DEWS Score will be updated with the ISES YE data and only the final DEWS Score for each school year will be retained.
DEWS is intended to be used as part of a data-driven RtI approach. Students identified by DEWS should be considered on a case-by-case basis and only in conjunction with other and more current local data. Several resources exist to help schools and districts with this process, including the Early Warning System High School and Early Warning System Middle Grades Tools from the National High School Center: http://www.betterhighschools.org/ews.asp.
National Dropout Prevention Center http://www.dropoutprevention.org/
US Department of Education What Works Clearinghouse http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/WWC/topic.aspx?sid=3
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction http://graduation.dpi.wi.gov/grad_resources
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction http://graduation.dpi.wi.gov/
Wisconsin PBIS Network http://www.wisconsinpbisnetwork.org/
Wisconsin RtI Center http://www.wisconsinrticenter.org/